The Health Care System of Norway ranks fifth in the world
Norway is among the top ten countries with the best health care system in the world. According to NHS statistics, Norway holds the sixth rank among OECD (Office of Economic Cooperation and Development) countries. It has been scored on metrics such as healthcare spending as a percentage of GDP. The number of hospital beds, doctors and nurses per capita and average life expectancy.
According to the UK National Healthcare System (NHS), Norway allocates 10.4% of its GDP to the health care system. The number of hospital beds is 19,303, and the number of Doctors and Nurses is 117,805 per capita. The life expectancy in Norway is 81.12 years.
The Norwegian public health system is one of the bests in the world. A national healthcare system supported by tax – makes healthcare accessible to everyone. You can enjoy being a member of this system if you live or work in Norway, and as a Norwegian resident, you can stay out of Norway for 12 months and still make use of the healthcare service.
One of the amazing facts about the Norwegian healthcare system is its accessibility. It is accessible for everyone who is the member, regardless of their social or economic position.
The healthcare system in Norway targets two goals: one is elevating the general health condition of the citizens and preventing the disease. The second is dedicated to diagnosing, treatment and rehabilitation.
All citizens are entitled to a general practitioner, and also a specialist who can help them physically or mentally. The health care service is being provided in four subsections, providing services for citizens, functioning under government supervision.
The design of such a system is based on the collaboration of the government with the private sector, in order to secure and guarantee the welfare of the inhabitants. What makes Norway one of the countries with the desirable healthcare system is, however, not just numbers and statistics, but also the follow-up system that supports the patients who suffered from human error.
Patients who suffer from any human error in the process of treatment, can file a complaint and ask for re-investigation, and be compensated financially.
What more to be done?
Although the healthcare system and service seem excellent, it is not perfect yet. The cooperation between municipalities and hospitals should be encouraged more. For example, patients complain about the waiting time before they get the necessary treatment, which leads to a delay in receiving the necessary services as well.
On the other hand, life expectancy in Norway is (as stated) 81.12 years, which is great news, showing that the welfare and healthcare system are successful systems.
Since the proportion of Norwegians who will exceed the age of 80 will be doubled by 2040, the healthcare system has to face new challenges.
Challenges like chronic disease and patients who need to be taken care of in their own homes. «At-Home» treatment is beneficial for the government and patients. They need medical services. Since they do not need to be admitted to the hospital, they are not a financial burden on the governmental budget.
The other major advantages of «At-Home» treatment is that it reduces the number of deaths and is more economical.
Finally, although Norway has been successful in implementing a system of public health care, the authorities are looking for policies to elevate the rate of welfare and healthcare in some other areas; such as taking care of the elderly, to compensate for the shortage of the numbers of medical personnel and use of technology in hospitals. For example, the usage of robot surgeons might come in handy in remote areas and harsh weather.
Even if the Norwegian government decides to legalize the application of robots in the medical section, nothing can replace human interaction. In fact, the robots will be tools in the hands of doctors and nurses who know the value of each and every individual human being.
This article is written by Zahra Moravvej on behalf of Norway Today.
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